Day 1/ Tokyo arrives!
The British Isles.
Is what I am reminded of, taking in the swathes of lush green as I peer out the plane window this grey spring morning during our descent into Narita Airport. In geography, Japan is like the UK; a cluster of islands off the mainland. The unpredictable sprayish rain and the chilly gale-force winds are traits common to both (as I will experience). But this is where any comparison should end, for Japan is unique, and the Japanese without parallel.
We, a gang of five, have made our online hotel bookings after much deliberation. Prior visitors and residents have been fleetingly consulted. This is the sum of our collective planning although we are going armed with a guidebook between us. Our interests range from soaking up the city, to absorbing the natural splendour, to gaining an insight into the country’s history and temples. In passion for food, luckily, our zests converge.
The airport can be one anywhere, in Bangkok or HK or Singapore. It takes us a while to obtain our weekly rail passes in exchange for the vouchers we’d purchased in Delhi, but before long we’re on the Narita Express headed to Tokyo. Sadly this is not one of the Shinkasen bullet-trains I was hoping it would be.
For the first half-hour the train passes through dense bamboo groves and grass pastures interspersed by quaint-looking villages; few people can be seen. This could be the European countryside. But soon the view changes from green to cement as we edge into the Tokyo sprawl. An enormous car-park comes into view. Each car is neatly stationed within the designated lines, not a tyre is over or askew. Whenever I make visits outside India, sightings of this type have a transiently unsettling effect on my desi sensibilities: a reminder that I must now comply by rules, rather than find ways to bend them, most of the time unwittingly, as I am so used to doing back home. Japan is going to put me on a new kind of learning curve. I look forward to it.
We get off at Tokyo Station. A woman waylays us at the platform asking, “are you all from India?” “Yes”, we reply.
“I hope you have a great time. I went to India last year and had a wonderful stay.”
We smile and trundle on. After changing another train, lugging our suitcases all the while, we find a cab to our hotel. I note that Tokyo cab doors are controlled by the driver, only he can let you in and out, unlike Delhi autos, from which you are at liberty to leap out whenever you wish.
Our hotel is central and looks cozy. It’s owned by an old lady who speaks decent English. My room is done up in the traditional style, known as a Ryokan. The floor is tatami-matted and there is no bed; instead there is a thick mattress spread on the floor. Beside, lies a low table on which sachets of green-tea are neatly fanned out. Tanaka, the hotel bellboy, requests I take my shoes off before stepping on the floor. As he exits, I say, “arigato”, the only Japanese word I know. I also know that in Japan you’re not expected to tip. In response, he says “dhanyawaad”. I wonder if I’ve heard rightly. I say, “sorry, what?” Tanaka says he’d holidayed in India fifteen years ago. Three hours spent in Japan and I’ve already met two Indophiles! A good omen I muse. Before exiting, Tanaka bows, so I reciprocate the motion, clumsily. Witnessing a peculiarly eastern warmth combine with the sort of efficiency I’ve only ever associated with the west feels both exhilarating and alien.
I enter the bathroom and I am utterly flummoxed by what I find. The Japanese WC is without a doubt the most hi-tech variety that I’ve ever come across. (And they are widespread.) I am nervous to defile this state of the art product. There are 5 or 6 buttons, symbols in Japanese, attached at the side of the commode. A bidet, a spray, a temperature controller for the seat, even a blow drier for your bum! How meticulously thought through. How unbelievably bizarre. I needn’t use my hands at all. The 5 stars back home should emulate this design for all that they charge.
Post-nap, I head to Shibuya in downtown Tokyo. The first thing I notice, other than the standard world-city pulse where hordes rush about in every direction, is the ubiquitously black-suited men- no grey, nor blue- and the white-masked men-and-women pacing resolutely. In surgical masks. Everywhere. It’s the closest I’ve felt to being inside the Matrix. (I’m glad it happens to be one of my favourite films.) I wonder what these people would do if they were made to breathe the Delhi air.
Shibuya is something like a Times Square meets Leicester Square, in Japan. Massive neon lights flashing Japanese letters, wide monitor-screens blaring pop songs, department stores selling branded clothes made in China and India, youths striding about accessorized and blonde-haired, girls in tall and fashionable heels. Gleaming buildings and cars. Pedestrian-thronged road crossings. Cafes and restaurants. It matches my mental image of the city. What I didn’t anticipate though was the apparent dearth of non-Japanese looking people. Most people look Japanese, speak Japanese. Many may well be East Asians from other parts but I’m incompetent to discern. (Later I learn that Japan does receive a steady stream of tourists from China and Korea.)
We come upon a Sushi bar. My friend is having a craving and I decide to accompany her. (This is the part I fear. Suffice it to say raw fish will never be my prime choice. But I must give this a go seeing as I am actually in Japan; who visits Japan and does not try sushi, right?) Sushi seems to be something like The Samosa of this country, the snack Tokyo-ites have on the go as and when they get the munchies. The bartender speaks nought English, so we point at our choice on the menu card, which thoughtfully has pictures, as in most eateries. He goes, “Hai” in an animated way to say ‘yes’. (Something I will continually see for the remainder of the week.) I am observing closely so as to enable myself to speak the same way. I choose the torched salmon topped with mayo, the least raw option. I dunk it in wasabi and another sauce to singe out the rawness. It’s delicious. My friend asks for the tuna and mackerel sushi. I think it looks positively forbidding but she devours it in a bite. I try another and decide that that will be my last. I then gulp down a gallon of green tea, which, as I’m looking around, is also appearing to be something of a national obsession. Contented, we dawdle on imbibing our surroundings.
A little later we take the train to Roppongi. The subway is packed tight, but even so it is silent and organised; the London tubes seem like Mumbai-locals in comparison. Roppongi is the district that western expats and some young Tokyo-ites frequent. There is a range of hip bars and clubs to choose from and all manner of pleasures to be had. I feel as though I’m in a seedy Bangkok street. A friend is curious to have a peek inside one of the infamous school-girl fetish bars, supposedly only for a minute. I can see only local men about. The bouncer denies him entry asserting that the venue is meant for “Japanese only”. He looks aggrieved but the girls in our group give a hearty, if relieved laugh. Of them one is his wife.
Ultimately we wind up in a grotty bar on one of the side streets full of local youngsters. Patrons are huddled in groups on the tatami-matted floor around giant pots of boiling udon and meat placed at the centre. I’m impressed by the deftness with which these twenty-somethings are conveying meat held between chopsticks to their bowls, stirring in dark condiments and sauces. The din is vibrant and youthful. The bartender cannot understand a lick of English. We concur that this is a fitting place to have our first “sake”-Japanese rice wine-of the day, which we then proceed to consume in copious quantities.
By the end of the evening we’re merry and exhausted. (One of our drunken games included ordering whichever dish our random fingers fell at on the alien menu. So we ended up sampling raw horse slivers!) As we make to leave at about 1 am, I ask the waitress how to say “we had a great night” in Japanese. She can’t understand but assumes I’m complaining and commences apologizing, her hands folded, bowing over. I do the same for the second time today looking even sillier this time as I am drunk and apologizing in Japanese.
On our way to the station we stroll past an inebriated teenager sitting by the pavement releasing a stream of crass-sounding burps into the otherwise-germfree-night-air.
Maybe Japan is not that alien to us after all.
Day 2/ Exploring Tokyo
I awake at 9 am after a sound night’s sleep. Today is crisp and sunny, yesterday’s gloom long gone. I can see cherry blossoms at a distance from my window.
We make it in time for our hotel’s free breakfast. Which is sticky rice served with miso soup, pickle, and a soft boiled egg. I eat the egg and have some soup but can’t bring myself to eat rice in the morning. I need bread. I grab a coffee from Starbucks while my friend wolfs down a McDonalds cheeseburger citing their unavailability back home as his reason. I promise myself I will not be eating fastfood over here, of all things.
We take the subway to Asakusa, a district in north-eastern Tokyo. It is a heavily touristed area, being home to the Sensoji Temple and other attractions. Groups of uniformed school children are out on a day trip. They’re slurping their green-tea ice-creams, and doing the “V”-finger pose for photographs. I smell miso soup and coffee trailed by wafts of perfume and flowers. Nice.
The backdrop is steel and glass buildings reaching into the blue, while the forefront reveals pedestrians, cars, and, lo and behold, a hand rickshaw puller! I did not expect to see this here. Mamata Didi would be pleased. We saunter into a pretty stretch of cherry-blossom trees or, “sakura” as they say here, adjacent to the river. The sakura has the effect of a white net filtering sunlight, an incandescent veil casting mottled shadows on the promenade below. Families are out picknicking, frolicking, opening lunch boxes of sushi, soups, and noodles; rice and pickles galore. After clicking plentiful photos of ourselves against a variety of dappled settings- an activity the locals are just as feverishly enjoying- we decide to find a restaurant.
It will be our first proper meal together. We come by one that has a queue flowing onto the pavement; must be good. Inside we’re made to take off our shoes and sit on low-lying wooden slats precisely laid on tatami mats. Most of the diners present are locals. The waitresses are wearing traditional kimonos. I’m starving. The food consists of two bento box meals, miso soup, fried tempura, an assortment of sea food, along with sake to wash everything down. It’s immensely satisfying. I love their pickles and sauces. And rice is always tasty for lunch, unlike in the morning.
We next stop at an ice-cream parlour on our way to Sensoji. I ought to try this green-tea ice cream that seems to be the rage here. The parlour woman tells me to eat right there and not walk about cone-in-hand as it will create a mess. The flavour secretes a bitter aftertaste and whatever refinement it possesses is wasted on my Punjabi senses. My mates extract a feeble nibble but, expectedly, leave the bulk for me to finish. I can’t spot a bin into which I can surreptitiously chuck this mossy desert. This is awkward. I’m almost done, and now I glimpse a band of Japanese school girls approaching. “Hi” they trill, in chorus. The scene is so archetypical that I’m mildly bemused and giggling. They communicate that they’d like to take our picture, so we all huddle together like odd specimens as they, smiley and ebullient, whip out their smartphones. We’re mistaken however, for they want to pose with us for the shot. Ha! I thought only Indians fascinated by blondes and red-heads did this sort of thing. Seems not.
The Sensoji Temple is Tokyo’s oldest. The shrine is thronged, by Japanese standards, but everything is orderly, again by Japanese standards. At the anterior a cluster of incense-sticks- reminiscent of the Indian agarbati – is smouldering under a canopy; devotees are taking in the essence exactly as they would in India during a temple aarti. Further on lies a large rectangular container, raftered at the top, into which people are showering coins. I follow suit. The inner-sanctum within which the idols are placed, the colossal bronze Buddha sat splendid and centre-stage, is sectioned off firmly by a metal net. Do they have Japanese priests for these temples I wonder? All about palms meet in the familiar namaste posture. These deities could just as comfortably inhabit an Indian temple. What is surreal is the squeaky cleanliness, the silence and calm. I could lick the floor. On exiting the main shrine a large stone tablet comes into view. It is unclear which period it belongs to as the explanation is only in Japanese, but what is curious is that the slab bears an inscription recognizably of Sanskritic origin as opposed to the Sino-Japanese symbols we see around.
After meandering back to the station, we submerge ourselves in the subway-system like the oldtimers we now consider ourselves, and surface at Shinjuku. If Shibuya was all lights, shops, restaurants, and people in masks, Shinjuku is the commercial centre chock-full of towering office buildings, lights, and, for sure, people in masks. The train station here is so capacious that it looks like a town in itself. We wander, explore. My friend inhales a couple of cheese burgers along the way while I appreciate parasols fashioned like samurai swords up on sale. This is just the sort of gimmick aimed at gulling impressionable tourists as myself.
We then stop at a snazzy café. Before coming here I was educated that Japanese chefs, in keeping with their nation’s unspoken codebook, are perfectionists at European cuisines, especially gourmet and Italian. Which is a justified observation perhaps as all the savouries we try are excellent. Outside a crowd of teenagers is shrieking the street down at seeing a singer’s performance being exhibited on a wide plasma-screen. This is the loudest display of emotion I’ve seen here yet.
Our next port of call is Harujuku, the youth culture and fashion centre. I sight many hip cafes, hipper clothing and accessory stores, and the hippest dressed Tokyo-ites, all in the same place. If I were to draw an analogy with London I’d say this place looks like Islington overrun by the Japanese version of the Camden Town crowd. It’s a pity staring is considered rude in most cultures, other than mine. (On the topic of fashion and youth, it is appearing that anything ostensibly ‘western’ is de rigueur in this city, though this is not to say that the Japanese have failed at tenaciously preserving their traditions.)
A couple of hours later the group is thoroughly enervated. A consensus is reached on finding a suitable joint where food can be relished, alcohol imbibed and our legs rested. We walk into an eatery specializing in meats and sauces. As we’re sat cross-legged on tatami mats, a boiler is placed at our nub. The waiter slides in slivers of assorted raw meats along with cabbage, bean-sprout, mushroom and tofu. This dish is called shabu-shabu. (Which I later learn is an onomatopoeic term for the effervescent boil that cooks the meats). We’re served a selection of red powders, along with yellow and brown sauces to slather on the cuts. It’s delicious. The waiter is affable and eager to assist even though he can barely comprehend us. I ask what exactly okonomoyaki is, for I was suggested I try it. His vocabulary falls short so he Googles it on his smartphone showing me it. He suggests we try “prrrum saaor”. “Sure”, we answer. The plum sour drink is fine indeed.
Day 3/ Kamakura and Tokyo
We were meant to wake up early in order to be in time for the auction at the Tsukiji fish market but the chance of that happening was looking increasingly remote when we were all sake’d out late last night. It is settled, we will spend today solo. I decide to choose between a trip to Mt. Fuji and the bordering town, Kamakura. I seek out Tanaka for his advice seeing as we’ve struck a superficial bond. In his polite style he asks, “What are your interests?” With my characteristic Indian vagueness I reply, “anything”. (Or did I say “everything”?) Tanaka does not appreciate this. All the same he recommends I visit Kamakura.
I stop for a quick lunch at a miso soup eatery. I am standing between two men who are making it a point to noisily suck up their noodles. They’re both in expensive suits. (Slurping noodles and soup audibly and forcefully was an act I witnessed on so many occasions that I was convinced the Japanese treat it an art, not dissimilar to how many Indians delight in drinking chai with an emphatic sucking hiss.)
I arrive at the station and get on the noon double-decker, make myself comfortable in a mostly unoccupied carriage. There’s a smart hostess doing the rounds, she’s bowing a lot. Her bearing is ingratiating to the point of appearing caricatural. I lay back, relax.
She comes by me, taps on my shoulder and asks, “Sir, can I see your ticket please?” I abide by the request. Letting out an “ah” sound, she informs me that I must pay the fare for First Class or move to ‘Economy’ for which my ticket is valid. I’m ushered to the door of the plebs carriage, where I receive my final bow before the hostess turns around and stalks off. ‘Economy class’, on entering, I realise to my displeasure, is a replica of the inner-city subway carriage, and equally packed. All the seats are taken and I will have to travel standing. Brilliant.
Before long I understand the cause for this congestion. This train goes via Yokohama, a large city adjoining Tokyo. In fact the two over time have flooded into each other so much so that Yokohama is considered to form part of the Greater Tokyo Area. Kamakura lies just beyond. The view throughout the journey is urban concrete save for the flashes of Sakura that fly past. Half the men on board are reading Japanese comic books, their earphones plugged in and expressions deadpan.
On getting off, I note right away that Kamakura is a touristy town. There is a long queue at the station’s information desk, and the lady behind the counter speaks the best English I’ve encountered so far. I’m advised to visit the two largest temples and then attempt the other sites if left with time. As instructed I get on the bus. I’m the only foreigner aboard and I am hoping I’m going on the right route. I ask the driver if the bus stops at the ‘big temple’ but he emits a vacant stare. I then read out the name written on my map and a prompt “Hai” comes the response. (What I like about the Japanese language is that it’s not so hard to pronounce, unlike Chinese which is spoken in seemingly indistinguishable, and innumerable, tonal gradations.) A sweet-looking lady, among the several elderly people aboard, gestures where I should get off. I try a little bow which probably looks more like an elongated nod. Heh.
The Kotuku-in temple compound is blooming with sakura. At the entrance there is a petite reservoir, wooden ladles floating atop, where visitors are washing their hands and rinsing their mouths. I continue along the path and moments later find myself in an open esplanade, at the centre of which, ensconced between emerald hillocks, a magnificent outdoor bronze Buddha is beaming large. A Daibutsu dating from the 13th century. The spectacle is sublime and rather than click away, I stand there enthralled a few seconds.
Stirred, I walk into the souvenir shop shelved with books dedicated to Buddha’s life. I will not deny that I feel a throb of contentment at seeing the mention of India’s name as the birthplace of the Buddha, and Buddhism.
I now need to find my way to the next destination. A local girl informs me that the other temple is a mere 10 minute walk away. No farther than a few feet on I spot a Samurai sword shop, its doors papery and slidable. The interior’s floor is tatami-matted whilst the walls adorn sophisticated paintings and calligraphy scrolls. The owner fits with the ambience for he is in traditional garb, speaks only Japanese and is very old and humble. Everything is appealing, everything is exorbitantly priced. I briefly imagine myself as a Kill Bill movie character, I then permanently bow out of the store.
A few doors down, conspicuously exhibited are Ganesh-print bags. This store must be owned by a fellow desi. I pop inside to ask for directions whilst simultaneously adjudging all buyers of such knickknacks, past and future, here in Japan, as remarkably naive. The shopkeeper is from Bihar. He’s lived here 4 years, speaks no Japanese and is keen to return to India.
The second temple, whilst just as dazzling as the previous one, is altogether distinct in conception and design. The gardens are stepped, superbly landscaped, and studded with a range of idols over which hang cherry-blossoms. I see the mythical bird Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu in Hinduism in addition to being an important symbol in Japanese Buddhism. Disappointingly, I cannot record the scene within the Buddha sanctum, photography is prohibited. Over here the devotees are immersed in prayer, here the Buddha is made of gold.
I am curious to know how deeply the lives of ordinary folk are governed by religion, and as luck would have it an answer is forthcoming. As I am exiting the complex a local asks me if he can take my interview. I acquiesce. Hiroko is an assistant film-maker presently working on a film about the history of Buddhism in this country. I caution him on my lack of time-for I shortly need to catch my train back-so he proposes he accompany me on the walk to the station. Hiroko laments the decline in the role of Buddhism in modern Japan, he says people are only concerned about prosperity. ‘That is not so bad’, I say. He should come to India to see how excessive religious belief can also have damaging effects. I enunciate slowly on cue. Hiroko regales me with another interesting factoid: apparently Japanese has very few consonants and speakers often can’t pronounce, or get mixed up between the “b”, “v”, & “l” sounds in English to name a few. The Japanese find English a really hard language. He says they also think it sounds ‘hard’, I think he means ‘harsh’.
By now I feel comfortable to ask him what has been on my mind for three days. I ask, “why do so many people wear masks?”
His answer: “Because hay fever. And because pollution come from China”.
I blurt out, “you can’t be serious”. But Hiroko is dead serious.
At the station, Hiroko bows lengthily and does not leave until my train departs from the platform.
A couple of hours later I reunite with my friends at Shibuya and we repeat our daily ritual of great food and sake. Our dinner consists of countless rounds of yakitori, which is essentially Japanese skewers and kebabs: chicken on sticks, mince meat lollipops, courgette wrapped in bacon, prawns, chicken stuffed with cheese, and our favourite, chicken liver. It’s all scrumptious.
Day 4/ Sayonara Tokyo, Konichiwa Kyoto!
We learned yesterday that the tuna-auction at Tsukiji begins at 6 am but due to complaints of tourists obstructing the market’s pace authorities now only let in lots of 20 visitors at a time. It is the world’s biggest fish and sea-food market. Access is granted strictly on a first come-first serve basis, and thus keen visitors need to start lining up already from 1 am. Seeing as last night’s carousal went on till 2 in the morning not one of us felt disposed to forgo our sleep for a raucous dawn.
So, inured to the Indian Stretchable Time, we arrive at Tsukiji at about 9.30 am. We cross rows upon rows of food stalls beside the pavement. The Japanese omelette, yellow and fluffy, moist textured and sweet, seems to be a local favourite, as are soupy udon noodles and mince-meat on sticks. Rice topped with seaweed and pickle and fried chicken-wings smothered in aromatic and darkly-hued sauces look enticing also. The air is delectably cool, the sky richly sunlit. As we near the market-fringe the food stalls switch, unadulteratedly, to becoming harbingers of the aquatic bazaar ahead. We sample an assortment of squid and other squid-like animals, inducing in me a sharp regret at not having tried the tasty poultry-based delicacies we’d just walked past. I ask the stall-owner if there’s an accompanying sauce. She answers, “no, it has many taste”. I disagree. My tongue forcedly writhes down this tough prehistoric creature, and as soon as I’m through I find myself longing for something, erm, more refined. I sight a stall selling something called a ‘curry puff’. It has a vaguely familiar quality. I’m certain it contains turmeric in addition to a watered down masala of sorts; I tuck in heartily.
By the time we reach the actual market it’s past 11. The hustle & bustle has effectively died down. I roam through the warren of lanes flanked by every conceivable form of sea life, a lot of which is colourfully alien-esque. Gigantic live crabs, dried squid, enormous fish and interminable supplies of tuna can be seen. I am searching, perhaps irrationally, for a whale, but it’s either been hacked to bits or is completely absent. It’s obvious to us though that the bulk of sales have long concluded as at present vendors are busily winding up.
Maybe we feel so since we’ve been to such markets in Mumbai and Calcutta, or because we arrived late missing the real action, but whatever the cause we’re uniformly of the opinion that this is a rather lacklustre outing. There is novelty for us yet in the myriad species of marine fauna on display.
We follow the visit with the customary round of sushi, which customarily implies I am in a sulk, even if not so outwardly. I overhear an American tourist at the door saying, “I’m not really a Sushi fan..”. I hear you, brother. Afterwards, at a stall I sate my muted cravings by loudly sucking up the soupy udon and fried chicken that I was previously lusting after. My friends sneer at my unevolved choice but at least everybody is now contented.
As we each have a different agenda but only 6 hours left in the city before our train to Kyoto, we decide to split up. Two of us want to visit Ueno, the site of Tokyo’s largest park and the National Museum.
On arriving at the train-station, I ask a guy behind a coffee-shop counter for directions. His English skills are useless yet he’s making his best efforts to explain. Quickly customers waiting in line join in the conversation and now there are 4 individuals energetically arguing about the best route for me to take. Except that none of their prattle makes any sense and so I’m solicitously served a scale of hectic gesticulations. Needless to say I leave after nodding understandingly but actually none the wiser. It’s a good thing the road signs in this area are more to the point. (It was my experience that like many Indians rarely do the Japanese say ‘no’ or “I don’t know”, rather they’re keen to show helpfulness.)
The two of us amble through Ueno Park, which, tracing back to my port of analogy, is fair to equate with Hyde Park of London. At this time of year though, the foliage is unique in that the sakura whitely blankets the sky along the main boulevard. This is the highest concentration of cherry blossoms I’ve seen yet. Everybody is out on picnics and walks, posing beside sakura, boating-, V-posing-, and clicking-away. I’m surprised to see the park swarming with families, couples, and students on this weekday afternoon. Perhaps I shouldn’t be. They say that sakuras are in full bloom for only a couple of weeks and that while this period lasts one and all wish to bask in its ephemeral flower.
The National Museum building’s exterior design is traditional what with its triangular arches and sloping gabled roof. We study the layout of exhibits. Arrayed within are samurai and katana swords, Buddha and Shinto idols, paintings, ceramics, kimonos and other ensembles, in addition to a host of artefacts from various ages reaching as far back as pre-antiquity when Japan was first peopled by the indigenous Ainu, who are today a discriminated against minority. I could spend the rest of the day here.
I am fascinated by the exhibition of archaic sake-flasks, by the precursors to the kimono, the swords and bows-&-arrows of various periods-the researchers of The Last Samurai would have spent ages here!- but I spend the maximum time in the Buddhist idols, and the paintings section. The striking similarity with modern Hinduism both astonish and intrigue; there are Japanese counterparts-actually no, versions-of the Indian gods Indra, Agni, Surya, Chandra, Varuna, Yama and many more. The visage of several of the idols is unquestionably Hindu yet others look more Chinese influenced. I see a multi-armed deity crushing a demon underfoot, the tongue hanging out like Kali’s. Below these statues the labels display names in Sanskrit as well as in Japanese.
Among the paintings I am captivated by a stunning piece from the Edo period which depicts geishas in their finest spring finery out on a stroll appreciating the sakura. The explanation beneath states it is an artistic portrayal of a time when sakura trees were planted specifically for the spring season, shortly after which they were wholly removed so that it later seemed as though the blooming spell was but a passing dream; much like the geisha’s youth itself.
We make it to the station in time for our 6 pm train to Kyoto. I’m happy to see that we will be travelling by a Shinkasen this time. Throughout the journey we endeavour to converse in hushed tones; a failed attempt for our voices remain the only perceptible ones in the carriage. Others are inaudibly typing on their phones or reading comics or quietly eating. (The art of loudly slurping udon is subject to train-travel decorum I surmise.) An elderly lady comes over and takes the seat beside another elderly lady. They greet one another with mini-bows.
It is 9 pm and we’re on the cab to our hotel. Kyoto looks palpably more relaxed, its buildings obviously less vertical. There are fewer men strutting about in suits and a greater number of kimono-garbed women walking the street.
Day 5/ Kyoto
If Tokyo is the world-city in Japan, Kyoto is looking more like the world-of-Japan in a city. And as it happens, the beat of this cultural heart is there to avail a few short feet from our hotel’s doorstep in the trendy and glowingly crimson avenue of Gion. I recall spotting a geisha as our cab went by the main boulevard last night. Ornately dressed, face caked in make-up, hair pinned back.
We each make the decision to take off by ourselves for the first half of today. My first destination will be the Kinkaku-Ji or the “Temple of the Golden Pavillion”. It is famous for its landscaped gardens as much as for its glimmering shrine.
After a speedy 10 o’clock coffee and sandwich, I shortly wander through Gion, from here I need to take Bus #12. The street is lined on either side by chic glass-fronted stores prominently displaying a variety of attractive items; red and golden kimonos and calligraphy-embellished chopsticks alongside elegant ceramics and hand-fans that blossom into outstretched sakuras. The prices however are unstretchable and high.
I shuffle back to the bus-stop and quietly sit down. An elderly gentleman is manning this space, directing tourists, making genial banter. It looks as though he’s eager to show-off his skills except that the locals standing by are looking ahead impassively. He asks where I’m from, but before I can reply I hear, “Spain?” Hah! I’m not the only one who mixes up the nationalities of people belonging to ethnicities distinct to mine. I correct him chuckling. He mimes the namaste saying, “Gandhi, Gandhi”. (I wonder how much he knows about the newer breed by that same name.)
On the bus I take a seat at the rear end between a young couple and a gaggle of unusually noisy women. The girl is wearing a gilded kimono and I’m tempted to sneakily take her picture but I desist, for by now I’ve learned a thing or two about local etiquettes. Moments later, over my head is being loudly bandied, a dialogue between the couple and women, in Chinese. It’s good that I didn’t take that picture. Pictures often do lie! Their hubbub scratches through the melodious whispers of the locals. It’s a half-hour journey and I determine to no longer subject myself to caterwauling in this otherwise tranquil bus. The thought of vacating my seat never enters my lazy feet, obviously, I should add. The Malaysian Airlines crash is now being discussed; this is my opportunity. Shedding off all the newly acquired mores on propriety I cut in, “it’s really scary what happened”. I feel their eyes on me, I am now the centre of attention. Following a brief pause the conversation carries on as before, except this time in broken English. Much better. The girl and her partner are honeymooners from Beijing on their first trip to Japan while the women are Malaysian. A while in I enquire of the couple as to how they communicate effectively in this country. They tell me that the Japanese characters are virtually the same as their Chinese counterparts from which they were originally derived, so they can broadly glean the meaning to most of the writing and scarcely need to converse. Very interesting. I am rather pleased at having turned a banal bus-ride into a learning experience.
As is the norm, over half the visitors to Kinkaku-Ji are locals. Many are kimono-clad, making the enveloping foliage and damp air all the more atmospheric. The outer perimeter is bland, unimpressive. I walk through the gates and it is at once clear why this temple needs no added dressing. A two-tiered abode made all but exclusively of gold softly rests at the corner of a placid lake. Hanging overhead are clouds and moss-carpeted hills, whilst in the water below a yellow lambent languidly shivers through isles of bonsai bottle-green. The picture penetrates for its minimalism. The slanting roofs, lightly upcurved, glisten aloofly at the bog’s edge like a shimmering Garuda sleeping amid curly water-snakes. Only here, the leafy serpents rather than threaten, are acting both as the mythical bird’s guardians and nourishers. A fish ripples through the calm and everything goes hazy. I wait for my image to recompose but it has been irretrievably changed.
I take a few pictures of the now acquainted Chinese-girl-in-a-kimono together with her husband. Along the path I buy a bottle of sake speckled with gold at the souvenir shop. Further uphill sits another smaller shrine at which point people are praying, lighting incense-sticks and wish-candles. The English translations, I’m certain, are the verbatim Google translates for they read as: “a got in marriage”, “traffic in safety” and “a sick heal”. I light a few.
In some time I reunite with my friends for a bento-box meal of tempura, rice with pickles, and the obligatory miso soup. (A purplish sea-animal bobs afloat in my soup. Chopsticks skirt round it.) As always everything is tasty.
Three of us are now headed to the Philosopher’s Path, an area well-known for sakura-viewing. The walk-way is an abandoned stretch of train track lined on both sides by the most sweeping sakura I will have seen on my trip. This trail is dotted with young Chinese newly-weds out on photo-shoots. I observe them practicing, perfecting, their amorous and wistful poses for the camera; they are just as dramatically filmi as the residents of their smaller neighbour to the south. Flocked here also in droves are local girls dressed to the nines in, what look like, carefully picked floral-printed kimonos. The traditional garb donned by many dreamily swanning about this swan-like passage imparts an inimitably Japanese spring aura bringing to mind the Edo period painting at the museum.
It is dinner time and the five of us are dawdling along a street split by a canal, running lengthwise through its middle, over which are drooping branches of electrically-illuminated cherry-blossoms. We waltz into a smart looking restaurant which, unsmartly, has no pictures on its menu. As with the temple’s wish-candles, the English version prescribes gems such as “three assortments”, “cut the tomato” and “a spinach with fishes”. The waiters are, as you might by now expect, cheerily boisterous, and so after stumbling through a few misunderstandings and several fits of laughter we’re served food that is just as dreamy as the day has been. Not to mention lots of sake.
Day 6/ Kyoto and Nara
The Kyoto Imperial Palace, the former seat of the Japanese emperor, is the first site on today’s to-visit list. Yesterday two of us had pre-booked the 10 a.m. slot of the mandatorily required guided tours to the palace’s interiors, the only means to access. Up until now we have successfully stayed away from organised visits of any sort, and while we’re intent this trend persist, by five days spent here it is clear there is a kind of harmonized systemization imbuing Japanese culture every degree as palpable as our own country’s is mired in chaos-worship. Waging battles against either national psyche will yield little other than frustrated disappointments; it is much more practical to acculturate to the norm. We have no option but to suck up our reflexive complaining and go with the flow, unnoisily. Anyhow enough of this wittering, the Palace Tour is free to begin with!
The royal estate dates from the Edo period and holds within its complex, among other buildings, the hall for ceremonies, the emperor’s residence, as well as those of high-ranking officers. The palace lost much of its position when the capital was moved to Tokyo in 1869 during the Meiji Restoration.
We’re in time for our guide’s orientation talk. She is exquisitely-yet-obscurely soft-spoken, leaving her utterances’ construal to the imagination. All of the fifty or so visitors today are foreigners. I think the rest are as clueless as we are on what is being said but they are nonetheless paying close attention. We’re escorted from one building to the next, all of which are imposing and regal-looking but not always visually arresting. Cylindrical pillars hatted by rectangular and sloping gabled roofs is the frequent aesthetic. The verdant and elegantly manicured gardens are eye-catching however; their very composition appears to have sprung from the aim to accentuate the plant your gaze falls on, as though it is the point from which the surrounding flora off-shoot. The variegated species of bonsai are the dwarves, sagely bearded, letting loose their charms on the wind blowing about this overcast morning. Uniformed ‘Imperial Household Agency’ Guards are at our assembly’s heels, keeping watch, shepherding us forward, ensuring that no person lingers at any juncture for longer than is necessary. Entry to buildings within this compound is prohibited, and we’re only allowed a view from the outside. Photos are not permitted from up-close either. (I find myself hypothesizing as to how the situation might have turned out today, were tours of such stricture enforced at Delhi’s Red Fort. Its inner walls would have remained unsullied by glitzy declarations of Rajesh’s undying love for Anju, and their like, that much is for certain. But equally it is a sureness that Delhi never operated like Kyoto, much less we Indians like the Japanese.)
It is noon and two of us are on the train headed to the nearby town, Nara, described by the LonelyPlanet as “second only to Kyoto as a repository of Japan’s cultural legacy”. My main interest is the Todai-ji temple, which houses the world’s largest bronze statue of the Buddha, Vairocana. My friend is likewise interested in this temple but also wants to visit a particular tea-room regarding which the guidebook makes a by-the-way reference, (as per me).
Following a lunch of pasta, we arrive at Todai-ji by around 1. The peripheral gardens are flourishing with apparently-wild-but-likely-attentively-planted sakura in the middle of which wild-but-definitely-docile deer are freely roaming. Children are feeding them biscuits, laughing as they’re chased, while others are bawling on being surrounded by a herd set on snatching food out of their fingers. Their parents are shooing these deer away. The pathway, gardens to either side, is lined with souvenir shops and hawkers selling roasted nuts and fruit. We pass a warning sign saying: “The deer of Nara park are wild animals. They can occasionally attack people. So please be careful.” The wind is sprinkled and fast-moving, the sky cloudy with slights of blue. I catch a whiff of horse-dung in the air, actually come to think of it, it’s probably a deer’s.
A sign at the entrance informs us that the Temple was built at the behest of Emperor Shomu, who hoped to position Todai-ji as the head temple and the Vairocana Buddha (“Buddha that shines throughout the world like the Sun”) as the central Buddhist deity of the Kokunbunji system of provincial temples. The inauguration ceremony of the Great Buddha was held in 752 A.D., under the auspices of Bishop Ryoben, the founder of the Temple. Although the temple was burned twice in the fires of war, it is still home to many important cultural properties created at the time of its founding and during the Kamakura restoration period (1185-1333).
The temple building is outstanding. Its roof- behemoth in size, pitched and rectangular in shape, the corners upcurled- is superimposed by a similar layer a storey higher; spiked atop this upper crown are a pair of glistening bull-like horns. Until recently it was the world’s largest wooden building. Inside is seated the Buddha, representing the Vairocana, flanked to either side by Bodhisattvas. Soaring up to a height of fifteen metres, it is one of Japan’s largest bronze statues of the Buddha.
If the outdoor sculpture at Kamakura was entrancing, the one here has the power to stir the hardest cynics to rapture. My friend and I are riveted. I follow prompts of prayer, light incense sticks, do a namaste. Photos through use of tripods are not permitted here, not that this affects me given that I am using but my phone camera.
A board in the compound states that it was here that the Indian priest Bodhisena performed the eye-opening for Emperor Shōmu in 752. Bodhisena (704-760) was an Indian Buddhist monk and scholar who travelled to Japan and established the Kegon school of Buddhism.
Also visible in the complex is an Ashoka Pillar. Underneath it is stated that this monument was built at the time of the commemoration of the Thousand Priests Service on the occasion of Hana Matsuri (or Buddha’s birthday) in April, 1988. Further, “This monument is a replica of the top of the Asoka pillar in Sarnath, India, modelled after a holy lion, the symbol of Buddhist teachings. A time capsule which contains the names of the participants and the message for the future written by followers is buried under this monument. The time capsule will be opened in 2038, the 1500th anniversary of the introduction of Buddhism to Japan”.
Spiritually fulfilled, we plod on through the deer park to our next stop, the traditional tea-room. It is drizzling, and owing either to the wonderfully distracting Sakura, or our lack of will or the inability to make sense of maps, we are now lost. I have little interest in having green-tea and would rather prefer coffee but my friend is marching on purposefully. It is already past 5 and we should soon be returning to Kyoto. An argument sparks on whether we should be searching for this place at all. I am sure the tea-room will have closed by the time we locate it, which is itself highly unlikely. Minutes later my friend is struggling to understand directions dispensed in fluent Japanese by a lady selling fruit on the side of the road. As our three-way discussion is in progress-I, simmering at one end, the fruit-seller, hand-signalling at the other-a deer ambles into the picture and gnaws off the map straight out of my friend’s hands. But no; she is not one to give in so easily. Within seconds the situation devolves into what can only be described as a tug-of-war between girl and gritty mammal. The fruit-seller and I are in hysterical fits of laughter, this time understanding each others’ peals flawlessly. Humour certainly has a way of bubbling through barriers of language. Naturally, the map ends up in the deer’s gut and we end up sipping on a coffee and a beer as should have been our plan from the get-go.
It is now 8 and we’re back in Kyoto. We will be joined for dinner by Tomoko, a friend of a friend, and a resident Kyoto-ite. Although we’re half-an-hour late for our meeting Tomoko grins disarmingly and assures us it’s not a problem. She has studied a while in Sweden and is our contemporary in age. “Do we like sushi?” she enquires. “I don’t like it much, can we have something else please?” I impetuously retort; but as soon as these words exit my mouth I internally reprove myself. Tomoko is unaffected however. “How about miso soup and udon?” she proffers. I am all smiles this time.
Tomoko is happy to be our interpreter for the evening, which is a good thing, as we’ve been waiting to give vent to the inscrutabilities that have been piling up in our minds. We don’t hold ourselves back in bombarding her with questions: “What are the cultural rifts between today’s youth and the older generation?” “What is the relationship like with China and with Korea?” “What’s the difference between practicing Buddhists and Shintos?” “What’s with the masks?” Tomoko tells us she wears one too. Oops. She graciously sails through our onslaught, gives us her considered response to each and all of our queries howsoever foolish or insensitive these maybe. “How did you cope with all the chaos when you visited India?” we ask in closing. Tomoko plainly says, “I just said “accha” and everyone smiled and assumed I was Indian. I really liked India.”
Before parting ways, Tomoko presents us a gift, rather than the other way around as would have been apposite. Later we tear through the thorough packaging to find a handsome a box of sweets beneath which lurk five pairs of chopsticks for each one of us.
Day 7/ Kyoto, Arashiyama and Narita
Today is our last day in Japan.
While activity-packed these past six days have been no holiday is really enduring when you know you’ll soon be greeted by the brusque loo winds of Delhi, pun intended, in place of the breezy sakura blowing in your face this cool morning. Our plan is to spend the afternoon at the bamboo forest in the neighbouring town of Arashiyama. After this final sojourn we will need to catch the evening-train to Tokyo followed by another onward subway to Narita, where we’ll be spending the night before boarding the flight bound for Delhi tomorrow morning.
But right now it is only 10 am and two of us are on our way to the Kyoto International Manga Museum. I am visiting for the lack of appealing alternatives, but perhaps also because I’ve capitulated too easily to persuasion. “Manga” is the catch-all term for Japanese graphic comic-books aimed at adults (as well as children), but in actuality, I will shortly learn, it is an even wider term applied to a Japanese art-form and subculture dating back to the 19th century which in its modern sense encompasses widespread branches having diverse interpretations in China, Hong Kong, and Korea not least in tiny spheres of Europe and North America. My only prior brush with this tradition has been snippets accessed by standing beside train commuters gripped in its thrall. (I’m not counting the deliriously gory animation depicted in Kill Bill (movie) or the one-off Samurai cartoon I caught as a kid once upon a vacuous Sunday morning. A memory which lingers more for putting off a greasy head-massage than the simulation itself.)
On the more proximate and drier subject of the museum however, I note that the façade is aptly school-like. Its layout plan apprises us of the interiors- a vast, multi-levelled library shelved with every shade of comic art spanning rich period-paintings to the macabre-yet-hugely-popular sadomasochistic sort. The dialogue contained within the works is unexceptionally in Japanese. (Well, what else would it be?) A portrait artist is perched at a corner on the ground-floor. My friend decides to get herself a personalised memento while I loiter inside to browse the books and murals on display. The museum is sparsely peopled and all those present look under 40. I move through its chambers uncomprehendingly and only slightly inquisitive. More than the exhibits themselves observing these manga enthusiasts immersed in this esoteric and black-and-white universe- their eyes vigorously fixated – is more definitely relieving my ennui. No sooner I’m mulling over my philistine tastes, vapidly riffling through pages, than I see my more urbane friend coming toward me. A glance at her drawing tells that the artist has lent both her eyes and skin an East Asian complexion. Her Indian face has been etched sensitively into the Japanese race so that the caricature transitorily charms, as might the striking resemblance in a person of foreign ethnicity with someone you know well of your own.
We trod along scanning the aisles for the next half-hour until we reach the souvenir shop by the exit. I buy a throwaway cloth wall-hanging flaunting a samurai wielding a katana, his hair falling mysteriously over his eyes, and my friend purchases a thick coffee table book embroidered by a script whose good-looks are matched only by its unintelligibility, its volume by its price.
It is past noon. Regrouped, the five of us are riding a crowded train to Arashiyama. The passengers are locals for the most part but there are quite a few foreigners also. Minutes within getting off it becomes apparent that this luxuriant town is a favourite among both sets of people. A prominent chunk of locals are promenading about in their weekend-best kimonos, posing and taking photos- an exercise I’ve come to view as usual. The women are pertly robed in designer scarlets and stunning florals while the men are more soberly attired but no less interestingly. I am shamelessly but furtively clicking their photos while pondering about whether being traditionally garbed corresponds to a more traditional lifestyle as can sometimes be the case in my part of the world. As everyday-wear the kimono is more commonplace among the older generation that is certain, although in Kyoto and surrounds many youngsters are seen wearing it, too. The difference is that the latter seem to don this robe on select occasions rather than as a matter of routine. More evidently, I note that the stylishly-clothed lot has taken pains to not deface themselves in surgical masks, in contrast to the more numerous commonly dressed, but health-conscious, masked folk around.
The main lure of this location is the stroll through the glade pathway that cuts through the bamboo forest. This walkway is considered so iconic in fact that its photo is shown on the cover of the Japan Lonely Planet guide. We walk past a temple and a Shinto graveyard. The graveyard is uncommon in that it demonstrates a confection of Christian and Buddhist aspects, or so I believe. On some graves- shaped as grey stone posts- incense sticks are infixed at the fronts whilst a series of flat stones are stacked upright at the sides of others, yet still others have bunches of yellow and blue flowers laid at the column-bases. A pagoda like structure stands tall in the middle.
After stalling momentarily at the opening of the corridor cleaving into the stemmy density, reflecting, savouring, we trickle on into obscurity. Along this shaded track, the bamboo clusters to both sides, all sides, and at every scene, are deepening inward, upward, wayward, so thickly and interminably that the sky is utterly eclipsed by a monsoon green save for the shards of bright that crackle in. Eyes gape upward at the comet streaks piercing through the cosmos like of dreamy tadpoles bounded by a mossy pond. We hold to our poses a little longer proceeding to take a range of photos, managing even, quite expertly in fact, to take a panoramic shot containing us all, ourselves, without any outside help: “a groupie”.
Afterwards we leapfrog from the bamboo dimness to a landscaped garden on a hilltop overlooking the valley below. The view is soothing, the green-tea we’re served however is absolutely not; boiled lichen conjures to mind as a description. Though yet again, something must be wrong with my tastes for all the locals are downing it in mugfulls, asking for seconds. Kids too. There’s a miso soup eatery round the corner, mercifully.
It is 10.30 pm and we are finally at Narita. Our journey was uneventful except for my friend making the faux pas of sounding the alarm at the Kyoto train station, mistaking the emergency button for the flush. It’s those spellbinding WCs again I tell you! Much to her, and our vicarious, chagrin, three guards swiftly appeared at the door ready to break it down and save her from calamity.
The subway from Tokyo station to Narita was packed with foreigners on their way to the airport. I overheard a woman having a thick Transylvanian-sounding accent say, “this carriage is for beasts. Beasts!” She was visibly prickly- or in a word, “non-Japanese”- as if emphasizing the fact that our vacation had come to a rude end. Luckily we found a nice restaurant for our very last meal: a selection of succulent gyoza and yakitori accompanied by udon, rice, as well as the ultimate rounds of sake.
The night’s sleep and the eight hour flight fast-forwarded, I am now in Indira Gandhi Airport, Delhi. As I exit, I am welcomed by a sweltering and heavy evening air suffused by cab drivers’ swear words.
In a few quick seconds the week in Japan feels like a faraway spring-dream, the sakura together with the branches holding them cleanly blown away.
Summer is here.